Database Visual Basic 6

For those. From there, you can drag tables or views onto your design surface. This is a Codeguru directory of articles on the topic of Visual Basic. This is a Visual Basic tutorial for the MySQL database. Nah untuk tutorial ini, saya menggunakan Microsoft Office Access 2010 untuk membuat database dan Visual Basic 6. Trusted Windows (PC) download Microsoft Visual Basic 6. Visual Basic 6 lernen Dirk Abels Visual Basic 6 lernen Anfangen, anwenden, verstehen An imprint of Addison Wesley Lo Report "Beginning Visual Basic 6 Database Programming" Your name. Now I am not able to connect to SQL from VB. From the Back Cover Meet the Challenge of Any Database Project with Visual Basic and ADOMastering Database Programming with Visual Basic 6 offers highly focused coverage of the techniques that make Visual Basic the ideal tool for database development. Get Microsoft Visual Basic alternative downloads. 0 to access database -----To access your database use the ADO data control. Visual Basic Function Examples Current Database Folder & Path - VBA Example This current directory example contains a series of subroutines and functions which locates and returns the path to where the database is on the drive. Meet the Challenge of Any Database Project with Visual Basic and ADOMastering Database Programming with Visual Basic 6 offers highly focused coverage of the techniques that make Visual Basic the ideal tool for database development. It is recommended for all users of Visual Basic 6. In order to create a console application in Visual Basic, you have to use Win32 API calls. Just BASIC v2. First add a reference to "Microsoft Excel 11. -> Let me restate this. This project keeps the record of employees working in the company. Combo Box in Visual Basic also refers as drop down lists or drop down boxes. Teaching: as we said, Visual Basic Database Projects' purpose is to show users how to deal with Visual Basic. Visual Basic 6 Database How-To gives an in-depth view of each major method of data access, with real-life examples with which to work. 0; Access to visual basic; Saving a new datatable to an Access Database (Visual Basic 2005) I can't connect Access database into more form please help me; Does anybody out there knows how to connect acess to visual basic??? How to create database in & connect MS-ACCESS with VISUAL BASIC. What is the type of the data in the database? My guess is that ADO returns it as either a String or a Decimal, and Decimal values only "fit into" a Variant in VB6. 0 Akhir-akhir lebih sering lihat-lihat postingan di blog ini…akhirnya jadi ingat pernah bikin tutorial buat bantu teman belajar database di Microsoft Visual Basic 6. Database Access yang kami buat menggunakan Microsoft Office 2007. Visual C++. You also need to set up the database engine to allow communication from another PC. txt) or read online for free. 0 to create a simple calculator that can add, subtract, multiply, and divide. 0 for Windows 7 Many users of Visual Basic 6. Pada posting ini saya akan membahas tentang cara membuat database untuk Visual Basic 6. 0 database connection perfectly, this technique works 100% fine and this is very. I have a button created which when pressed should display all the entries of the table. Time to check who left their database open and leaked 7. 3c with Visual Basic 6. 0,Visual Basic, Windows Application, Free Download Source Code in Vb. net vb 2008, vb 2010, MS Access, Oracle, SQL. NET including C# and Visual Studio. 0(VB 6) help of ADODB. The keywords used in an update statement are summarised in the following table. 1 Creating a Simple Database Application. this will show how connect your database on MS Access to visual basic without using any codes. 0 (OLEDB) in the Components window. Engineering, BCA, MCA projects free download. Visit this link to download other language projects of Hospital software. CursorLocation = adUseClient. 0, if you have it turned on in your toolbox, it means you are referencing it. But through the usage of the hospital management system database, the security will be provided to your personal details. NET Programming If you wrote the Video Management Program using Visual Basics 6 or in some cases VB. Data Access Objects 4. Probably the most likely spot to find this file would be in your Windows system directory. Now add buttons and a single text box from Toolbox on the left sidebar of Visual basic editor window. But here, we will focus on adding and saving a record into an access database. 0,, ada beberapa cara untuk koneksi database pada vb 6, yaitu dengan menggunakan Tool Data atau Adodc yang berfungsi sebagai jembatan penghubung koneksi database dengan vb. I saw your mail address on a website and I know you can help. Note: Citations are based on reference standards. 0 ( VB6 ) source code examples from business applications I have written over the years. 5m customer records: Hi there, Adobe Creative Cloud! until the release of Visual Basic 6. Bukalah program Microsoft SQL server 2005 kemudian koneksikan dengan cara klik ‘connect’. Conclusion All in all, Beginning Visual Basic 6 Database Programming was an enjoyable read. Visual Basic. 0 (OLEDB) and Microsoft DataGrid 6. I am a programmer by trade with thirty years of experience and have learned many languages over those years. 0; how To compile visual basic 6. The SQL Update Statement The update statement is used to update records in a database. A DBMS is a system that manages the storage and retrieval of data in a database. 0 to create a simple calculator that can add, subtract, multiply, and divide. Referencing the ADO Libraries In a Visual Basic 6 Application. The project aims at serving the department of electricity by computerizing the billing system. It is full offline installer standalone setup of Visual Basic 6. Category - Visual Basic/Database Interfaces. Visitors have accessed this post 27467 times. com is useful for student. The main goal of the system is to help properly manage hotel operations and functions to optimize it for greater stability and more profit. The method to update data in an Excel worksheet by using ADO or by using DAO does not work in Visual Basic for Application environment within Access after you install Office 2003 Service Pack 2 (SP2) or after you install the update for Access 2002 that is included in Microsoft Knowledge Base article 904018. Visual basic 6. Our Program. There are over 3. I am fairly new to vb so please excuse incorrect terminology etc. txt file using a command botton i mean {open containing folder} please help me give me any source code of visual basic 6. In Visual Basic (and Visual Basic for Applications) the Variant data type is a tagged union that can be used to represent any other data type (for example, integer, floating-point, single- and double-precision, object, etc. Hotel Management System is a software-based system that is made of Visual Basic 2015, MySQL Database and Bunifu Framework to make the design animated. 0 and for Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Access Programming (when done with VBA), however, I've only made sure that they work in VB6. you can see here how you can do database connectivity with microsoft access using visual basic 6. A DBMS is a system that manages the storage and retrieval of data in a database. visual basic 6. Professional Visual Basic 6 Databases provides some of the latest thinking about creating business objects using Visual Basic (VB) 6 and MTS on the Microsoft platform. Connection db. It has been extracted from " Microsoft Visual Basic 6. Included with Visual Basic 6. This was the source of many out-by-one errors in Visual Basic programs, especially when dealing with interoperability across program library boundaries. This project is developed in Visual Basic 6. There I created databases and tables for my development. The Visual Basic team's goal is that Visual Basic 6. Tentukan tempat file database & ketik nama database (DBAPOTIK) e. Downloads - sample Visual Basic 6 code and database with new examples Lesson 12. • Migrated Data to MS Access Database from Excel Files. 0,Visual Basic,Free Download Project in Vb. Visual Basic 6 Code for Connecting to a MySQL Database Using the MySQL ODBC Driver - Free download as Word Doc (. VB6 programs can access the database via the Jet Database Engine. Create a PDF from Visual Basic 6 (VB6) This example will show you how to print from VB6 to a PDF document. If you'd like to take advantage of Visual Basic 6's powerful database application development tools, we recommend you pick up a copy of Visual Basic 6 Database Programming. This is the complete package of runtime files and redistributable libraries for running or distributing applications written in Visual Basic 6. 2 million current users of Visual Basic in the world, ranging from novices to programming to experienced developers. Update SQL database using VB code. Visual Basic 6 Database How-To gives an in-depth view of each major method of data access, with real-life examples with which to work. They make it easier to find, analyze, maintain and protect your data because it is all held in one place. Cara Koneksi Visual Basic 6 VB6 dengan Data Base MySQL, How to Connect MySQL Database with Visual Basic 6. I'm not sure on how to connect to the database. Membuat koneksi DataBase dengan menggunakan ODBC Driver | visual basic 6. Cara Koneksi Database Access di Visual Basic 6. Masih seputar Visual Basic 6. Step by step, this book will help you to build working database components and applications in Visual Basic. Seperti gmbr di bawah. Caption = " data has been added to database successfully. But for many who thought that the Visual Basic 6. 0; Access to visual basic; Saving a new datatable to an Access Database (Visual Basic 2005) I can't connect Access database into more form please help me; Does anybody out there knows how to connect acess to visual basic??? How to create database in & connect MS-ACCESS with VISUAL BASIC. 6) Once installed, restart VB6 and check the help about box to confirm you see SP6 installed. 0 With MS Access; MS ACCESS 2003 OR 2007 APPLICATION (LINKING) TO VISUAL BASIC 6. Yet Microsoft took this asset, of incalculable value, and apparently tossed it aside. VBForums: Visual Basic 6 and Earlier This forum is for all your Visual Basic (versions 3, 4, 5, & 6) coding questions that do not fit into one of the more specific. Net framework that is. Mainstream Support for Microsoft Visual Basic 6. Create a connection to the Access database by using Visual Basic. This page aims to be a comprehensive command reference to the MS Visual Basic 6 programming language. A database file maintenance that I work with a long time ago in my database programming using Visual Basic 6 and Microsoft Access. Since I dont have a separate database, I have used \SQLEXPRESS as my server name to login to SQL server 2008. However, we are releasing this non-security related package because it contains improvements that were ready for release just prior to the end of Mainstream Support. Thanks to Visual Basic 6, developing complete client/server database applications is easier than ever. Recordset Dim Sql As String. Visual basic 6. Visual basic 6. Click File – New kemudian memilih Microsoft Acces 7. The Open method is looking for four parameters: the Provider name, the Data Source (or HostName), the User ID. Klik kanan pada Datagrid lalu Pilih " Retrieve fields ". Net, VB 2010, Database,API, Tutorial Visual Basic Source Code: Visual Basic 6 in Windows 7 skip to main | skip to sidebar. Upgrading Microsoft Visual Basic 6. Example Application: Time Sheet Calculations. 0 ended on March 31, 2005. Database Management in Visual Basic 6 • The Data Manager is a versatile utility for creating and viewing databases. 0 and the record stores in Microsoft Access driver(MDB). 3c with Visual Basic 6. With Visual Basic 6 Database How-To, readers can keep abreast of the new developments. Focusing on Visual Basic 6's data-access resources, this is the definitive guide to Microsoft's database development tools. Yet Microsoft took this asset, of incalculable value, and apparently tossed it aside. Untuk pengertian. net , C#) easy , fast , light. Visual Basic, VB. Freeware Files. I am a programmer by trade with thirty years of experience and have learned many languages over those years. The files include the fixes shipped with Service Pack 6 for Visual Basic 6. What is the correct connection string and what are the requirements for connecting to Sql Server 2008 database from Visual Basic 6?. View Notes - visual basic 6 tutorial from COMPUTING 2119 at Multimedia University of Kenya. Communication skills: Taught from 1982 - 1999 at small colleges and 2002 - 2004 for the Irish Govt. Ke empat aktifitas ini biasa ditemukan ketika kita berurusan dengan yang namanya database. connect your database in MS Access to Visual Basic 6. From there, you can drag tables or views onto your design surface. This is the part 7 of our Visual Basic 6 tutorial and this time we're going to learn how to print a record from database. When the program runs, coding projects in python pdf will randomly choose a number between 1 and 6. Macromedia Flash 8 8. Microsoft had perhaps the largest number of developers in the world hooked on a language which in turn was hooked to Windows. connect your database in MS Access to Visual Basic 6. You can play only first 3 chapters for free. this will show how connect your database on MS Access to visual basic without using any codes. 0 dengan vasilitas VisData telah sukses. BELAJAR MEMBUAT DATABASELAB F & G (RYH/WDI/DPY) BELAJAR MEMBUAT DATABASE MICROSOFT VISUAL BASIC 6. 0, Active Data Objects (ADO) 2. This article describes how to use ADO. 0 ( VB6 ) source code examples from business applications I have written over the years. This reporting tool increases developers' control over report execution. Login System without database in Visual Basic 6. • Migrated Data to MS Access Database from Excel Files. Language-Integrated Query (LINQ) makes it easy to access database information and execute queries. Free Visual Basic code. DB browser for SQLite is a great visual database tool download that makes aspects of data storage be a bit interesting. inventory management system in visual basic 6. 0 using ADODC control and Microsoft Access 2003 database-Step by Step demonstration. 0 running on Windows 8. To use an ActiveX component in VB 6. Join Us Now! Turn every software project into a successful one. HOW TO: Create a Summary Row for a DataGrid in ASP. c:\testfile. Visual Basic Tools for Visual Studio is a language service extension for Visual Studio 2012 and 2013 allowing to work on classic Visual Basic projects within Visual Studio. i always use sqlite for database applications (vb6 , vb. Data namespace. A user can add, delete or update the record of one or more employees. Visual Basic, VB. tnx Visual Basic 6. Membuat Input data dengan Visual Basic 6. atm system using visual basic 6. Diindonesia sendiri masih banyak programmer yang menggunakan Visual Basic 6. net vb 2008, vb 2010, MS Access, Oracle, SQL. Visual Basic continued to evolve throughout the 1990s, until the release of Visual Basic 6. Visual Basic 6 (VB6) was one of the easiest programming languages to learn back in the day. Kali ini Saya akan membahas lagi tentang Pengkoneksian Database dengan Program Visual Basic 6. Hotel Management System is a software-based system that is made of Visual Basic 2015, MySQL Database and Bunifu Framework to make the design animated. It sounds like perfection. 0 software and Backend of the project is SQL Server, Microsoft Access Driver, MySQL Server, Oracle server. BASIC stands for Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code. Pada kesempatan kali ini kita akan membahas mengenai bagaimana cara mengoneksikan Pemrograman Visual Basic 6. For our research, a multi-wavelength based optical density sensor for autonomous monitoring of microalgae [6], temperature sensor, salinity sensor, and dissolved oxygen sensor will be connected to the cloud and a University of Arizona MariaDB database. Are you sure that you want to delete this answer?. Access database – Visual Basic – Simple Database and Grading System. Connection Dim Reg As New ADODB. Visual basic projects basically use oracle database for project implementation. Selain menggunakan kedua tool tersebut, koneksi juga bisa dilakukan. Visual Basic Function Examples Current Database Folder & Path - VBA Example This current directory example contains a series of subroutines and functions which locates and returns the path to where the database is on the drive. Visitors have accessed this post 27467 times. Included with Visual Basic 6. 0: this instructable is part of my book Arduino + visual basic 6. What is the best/simplest/most reliable way for me to connect to this database in Visual Basic 6? These are some functions I'd like to be able to perform on those databases: - get the data under some Row/Col coordinates in a table. As detailed in this document, the core Visual Basic 6. Database Programming With Visual Basic 6. From the Back Cover Meet the Challenge of Any Database Project with Visual Basic and ADOMastering Database Programming with Visual Basic 6 offers highly focused coverage of the techniques that make Visual Basic the ideal tool for database development. fungsi menghubungkan database ke Visual Basic(project) ini adalah untuk memudahkan dalam penyimpanan atau menampilkan data yang di inputkan dari program Vb yang sedang kita buat. Table of Contents. Visual Studio. pdf), Text File (. connect your database in MS Access to Visual Basic 6. This CPE summary could be partial or incomplete. NET 4 Database Programming with Visual Basic 2010. 0 To learn how to use class modules in Visual Basic 6. All the examples in this tutorial will be run on Mono. 0 to access database -----To access your database use the ADO data control. 01/19/2017; 2 minutes to read; In this article. A Visual Basic 6 program can open the Excel application and use it as a server to manipulate Excel workbooks. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Stands for Remote Data Objects and it used to work with Databases only through ODBC, introduced by Microsoft to enable software developers to work with Databases through Visual Basic 4,5 and finally 6 was the last supported language. and also share his knowledge with other student. 4 Star (4). View Notes - visual basic 6 tutorial from COMPUTING 2119 at Multimedia University of Kenya. Source Website. Database File Maintenance in Visual Basic 6 A database file maintenance that I work with a long time ago in my database programming using Visual Basic 6 and Microsoft Access. hi, i am working on my shop project of visual basic windows form application which need to uses 5 different PC ,1 for store ,2 for warehouse and 3 ,4,5 for billing accounting and admin use , i am creating this application on tcp client server base and used to sql control class to connect SQL database , it's only works on desktop properly but not connected with another PC. ABOUT VISUALCRON. This program will demonstrate the basic database operations like add, edit, delete, view records as will as report generation. [John Connell] -- Methods in Visual Basic computer program language. About this tutorial: Video duration: 15:12 visual basic tout. Submitted on - 2008-11-16 18:42:56. 0 has been replaced by: VB. NET console application. NET object model, you will have more power and flexibility with your data access code. Applications communicate with a database, firstly, to retrieve the data stored there and present it in a user-friendly way, and secondly, to update the database by inserting, modifying and deleting data. connect your database in MS Access to Visual Basic 6. The following example also describes how to use the OleDbDataAdapter class to retrieve data from the database and to. NET External Links. Experienced Information Technology (IT) and Cyber Project Manager with a demonstrated history of managing highly complex projects with the ability to translate customer business requirements into successful implementations of enterprise-level solutions and rapidly shift and adapt to different tasks. Here this article deals with visual basic 6 drag-n-drop and gives you complete details about visual basic drag & drop-another example using database backend & others. Beginning Visual Basic 6 Database Programming introduces you to databases and takes you all the way through to the latest ADO technologies in Visual Basic 6. atm system using visual basic 6. What is SQL? • SQL stands for Structured Query Language • SQL lets you access and manipulate databases • SQL is an ANSI (American National Standards Institute) standard • Keep in mind SQL is not case sensitive What Can SQL do?. Our Program. Connect to an Oracle Database from Visual Basic 6 Open method of our Connection Object. Now, i need to developed a system using Microsoft Visual Basic 6. Click File – New kemudian memilih Microsoft Acces 7. About The VB6 and SQL Programming Code Libraries This extensive page contains debugged MS Visual Basic 6. The IrieSoftware Microsoft ® Access to Visual Basic Object Converter program is a VB. NET executable and an Access Add-in program that converts Access 97 through 2010 database applications and projects to Visual Basic. 0 format---we specified Jet 3. NET Framework. Total Visual SourceBook is the most extensive professional source code library for Microsoft Access, Office, VBA, and Visual Basic 6. Yang dimaksud dari Koneksi disini adalah menghubungkan database access dengan Visual Basic 6. Now, let's start this tutorial! 1. RecordExists returns logical (True/False) using open database connection and SQL statement. mdb one, and recreate what the Wizard has done. Setting up an ADO project and writing ADO code is similar whether you use Visual Basic or Visual Basic for Applications. 0 software and Backend of the project is SQL Server, Microsoft Access Driver, MySQL Server, Oracle server. Now add buttons and a single text box from Toolbox on the left sidebar of Visual basic editor window. This book also provides a convenient way for VB6 programmers to migrate to VB. A security issue has been identified that could allow an attacker to compromise your Windows-based system running Microsoft Visual Basic 6. Steps in building your report in Visual Basic 6Visual Basic 6 provides you with a data report designer to create your report, it is somewhat similar to data reportdesigner in Microsoft Access. Net Bahasa Indonesia Lengkap. This is a community of tens of thousands of software programmers and website developers including Wrox book authors and readers. Professional Visual Basic 6 Databases [Charles Williams] on Amazon. 0 kita mendapat kemudahan dalam membaca bahasa program BASIC. Sample Inventory System Using Visual Basic Codes and Scripts Downloads Free. Employee and Payroll System, this project is made in the Microsoft Visual Basic 6. The main purpose of the program is to open a passworded database, and retrieve the password. How To Call SQL Server Stored Procedures in ASP. Selain menggunakan kedua tool tersebut, koneksi juga bisa dilakukan. 0 Runtime Plus for free. Downloads - sample Visual Basic 6 code and database with new examples Lesson 12. Open your Microsoft Visual basic 6. I want to create a program that use all the tables With the relations and Foxpro 6 database and Visual basic 6. As with most other aspects of Visual Basic and Visual Studio, Microsoft has put a significant amount of work into making it easy to work with databases. 0 dengan database Firebird tanpa modul, atau. Click Visual Data Manajer, shg tampilannya : c. 60 from MERANT), but it seems to be to slow, and when I try to select a table with more than 500 records, its execution is cancelled. 0 on Windows 7 but with a sense of Windows XP. Start studying Visual Basic Mid-Term Chapter 1- 6. connect your database in MS Access to Visual Basic 6. Visual Basic 6 Database How-To gives an in-depth view of each major method of data access, with real-life examples with which to work. To start building a good inventory system, we need to have a good planning. NET, JavaScript, and C++. visual basic 6 database A database file is a collection of database tables. The RDMBS performs the same basic function provided by the hierarchical and network DBMS system plus a host of other function that make the relational database module easier to understand and implemented. Cara Menghitung Jumlah Record Di Database Dengan Visual Basic 6. Search Tag Cloud. 0 perspective. Engineering, BCA, MCA projects free download. Name your access database as sample. Disini saya menggunakan layanan database gratis dari www. 0; Access to visual basic; Saving a new datatable to an Access Database (Visual Basic 2005) I can't connect Access database into more form please help me; Does anybody out there knows how to connect acess to visual basic??? How to create database in & connect MS-ACCESS with VISUAL BASIC. It has been extracted from " Microsoft Visual Basic 6. VB and VBA for Word and Access How to interface Visual Basic with Word and paste text into a Document directly from VB, Print reports and launch forms of Access from VB. dan pekerjaan membuat database menggunakan VB 6. Create a simple database application with MS Access Database provided in visual basic installation folder in C Drive. [RESOLVED] Connecting to SQL Server using VB6 If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. visual basic 6. CursorLocation = adUseClient. 0 Posted by 503hendri Posted on 17:54 with 119 comments. You use SQL to describe sets of data that can help you answer questions. More Information to buy full source code >> More Information | Screenshots. 0 free download. odbc via ADODB/OLEDB (Windows 7 64bit) VISUAL BASIC (Word 2010) access to the SQL-Database (UNIFY) was no problem under 32bit but if I create a connection under. 0; how to use dll files in Visual basic 6. Beginning Visual Basic 6 Database Programming introduces you to databases and takes you all the way through to the latest ADO technologies in Visual Basic 6. this project is useful for student to learn project development. Each of these technologies are. Create an SQL Database Using Visual Studio: How to Create an SQL DatabaseUsing Windows Virtual BasicIntro The way we access and treat information has developed and evolved and as such databases have become more important. Connection db. This CPE summary could be partial or incomplete. My requirement is whenever the application is launched the database has to be created and when the applications shuts down that database has to be deleted. Cara Koneksi Database Access di Visual Basic 6. Includes index Creating a Visual Basic 6 Program -- How Visual Basic Works -- Using the Visual Basic User Interface -- Designing Your First User Interface -- Writing Basic Code -- Creating User Interfaces -- User Interface Design 101 -- Forms and Buttons -- Boxes and Buttons for Making Choices -- Text Boxes for Typing and Showing Words -- Scroll Bars and Labels -- Pretty Pictures and Objects. Visual Basic 6. The IrieSoftware Microsoft ® Access to Visual Basic Object Converter program is a VB. Download Visual Basic 6. Visual Basic 5 sold over 1m copies in 1997, an increase of over 40% over the previous year's sales. pada combo bawah nya cari tabel database anda. as C++ or Java or even Visual Basic 6, you should read through this chapter to familiarize yourself with the language. Yesterday they could not open up the database. 2) Security options are Provided. Free tutorial for beginners. It enables data architects to visualize requirements, communicate with stakeholders, and resolve design issues before a major. This is just a very simple, brain-dead database and app, so it's not meant to be sophisticated or correct in terms of database design in any way!! The first thing you need to do is just make yourself up a database table in Access and save it to an mdb file. Ada beberapa cara untuk menghubungkan database Access dengan Visual Basic 6 ini. I connect without problems an mdb database with my application, but I cant use MS Office. Pada pembahasan Project kali ini yaitu membuat sebuah fitur CRUD pada visual basic 6. Code First frees you up from the chore of creating databases for your project. When you write a Visual Basic program, you first have to design the user interface. Visual Basic Projects - Collection of computer projects for students Visual Basic Project Free Download. Klik kanan pada Datagrid lalu Pilih " Retrieve fields ". All the examples in this tutorial will be run on Mono. The Code Advisor for Visual Basic 6 is an add-in used to review your code to ensure that it meets predetermined coding standards. We'll stick with our Access database, the AddressBook. The programs illustrate advanced uses of Visual Basic with databases. visual basic 6. You can, however, copy an existing database, remove all of its tables, and then create the tables you need. VBForums: Visual Basic 6 and Earlier This forum is for all your Visual Basic (versions 3, 4, 5, & 6) coding questions that do not fit into one of the more specific.